Genetics in a Nutshell

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The term "good genes" often holds truth, as genetics significantly influence various aspects of our physical traits and health. The human genome map encompasses the entire genetic makeup, serving as a blueprint for building and sustaining the human body throughout life. These genetic factors determine traits like eye color, hair type, and skin tone, but more importantly, they play a pivotal role in shaping disease susceptibility and responses to medications. Continue reading to learn more about genetic testing services.

The Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project (HGP) stands as a monumental achievement in the field of exploration, albeit an inward one. International researchers embarked on a journey to sequence and map the entirety of our species' genes, collectively known as the genome of Homo sapiens. This ambitious project, spanning from October 1, 1990, to April 2003, provided humanity with the unprecedented ability to comprehend nature's complete genetic blueprint, revealing the intricate process of constructing a human being.

Know Your Health Risks

Your genome functions as a comprehensive operating manual, containing the intricate instructions that guided your development from a single cell to the individual you are today. It orchestrates growth, facilitates organ function, and orchestrates repair mechanisms when damage occurs. Furthermore, your genome is utterly unique to you. Increasing your understanding of your genome and its mechanisms empowers you to comprehend your health better, enabling informed decision-making regarding your well-being.

Genetic Test Panels

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Hereditary Cancer (CGx)

A Cancer Genetic Test (CGx) identifies specific inheritable gene mutations that may elevate a patient's risk of cancer development or recurrence. This comprehensive test analyzes critical genes and tumor markers, including BRCA1, BRCA2, ATM, COH1, MLH1, HSH2, MSH6, and PTEN. If a pathogenic variant is detected, close relatives (such as children, siblings, and parents) face an increased risk, with the likelihood of up to 8 times greater susceptibility.

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Cardiovascular Disease (CardioGX)

Inherited heart conditions, originating from genetic mutations, are often passed down through families. These conditions manifest as changes (mutations) in one or more genes of a patient. They encompass a range of conditions, including:

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Arrhythmia
  • Arteriopathy
  • Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH)
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Pharmacogenetics (PGX)

Pharmacogenetics testing (PGX) examines how a patient's body metabolizes drug enzymes, offering invaluable insights into the efficacy and safety of medications. This study focuses on understanding individual responses to drug therapy based on their genetic makeup.

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Parkinson's-Alzheimer's-Dementia (PAD)

Genetic factors significantly contribute to the development of conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and certain genetic disorders leading to dementia. Individuals with a family history of these conditions, especially a parent or sibling with Alzheimer's, face an elevated risk. Genetic testing can determine the presence of specific risk-associated genes.

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Primary Immunodeficiency

Primary immunodeficiencies encompass a wide array of hereditary or genetic disorders that impede the normal functioning of immune system cells, rendering patients vulnerable to infections.

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Patients exhibiting signs of monogenic diabetes and obesity-related disorders, whether independently or as features of a genetic syndrome, may benefit from genetic testing. If a pathogenic variant is identified in a patient, close relatives (children, siblings, and parents) could be up to 50% more likely to face increased risks.

Genetic Counseling

Upon identifying a pathogenic variant through genetic testing, a clinical laboratory report is provided. Bio Genetics Laboratory offers genetic counseling services for both healthcare professionals and patients. Integrating proactive risk screening and management protocols into a patient's ongoing treatment plan can mitigate health risks before they escalate to life-threatening levels.

Request a Hereditary Genetic Test

If you seek to understand and assess your hereditary genetic makeup, consider requesting a hereditary genetic test. This invaluable tool can provide essential insights into potential health risks and allow for informed decision-making regarding your healthcare.