Watch This Short Video About the Immunodeficiency Test
What is an Immunodeficiency Disorder?
Immunodeficiency disorders impair the body's ability to fight infections and diseases, making individuals more susceptible to viral and bacterial infections. These disorders can be congenital (primary), meaning they are present from birth, or acquired (secondary), occurring later in life. Acquired disorders are more common than congenital ones.
Individuals with immunodeficiency diseases experience more frequent illnesses. Infections may last longer, be more severe, and harder to treat. Often, these disorders have a genetic basis.
Causes and Risk Factors
Primary immunodeficiency disorders primarily result from inherited gene mutations. Those with a family history of primary immunodeficiency disorders face an increased risk of developing these disorders themselves.
Primary Immunodeficiency Disease Symptoms & Signs
Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDD) form a rare group of disorders that weaken the immune system, making those affected more prone to chronic infections and, in certain cases, increasing the risk of cancer. Hundreds of types of PIDD exist.
Signs and symptoms of these conditions vary based on the specific disorder, but may include:
How to Take the Test
Watch the short video provided to learn how to perform the bloom cheek swab test in the comfort of your own home.